These are de and het. The article de is for masculine and feminine nouns. These are also known as common nouns. Knowing when a word is common or neuter is one of the challenges in learning Dutch, as there are no hard and fast rules. However, learning which words are common and which are neuter is a worthwhile area to invest your time in because it does affect other aspects of the language. Sarah also wrote a post on definite articles last year.
If you are looking for more tips or just another wording of what de and het are all about, then check it out. Jonas :. Hallo Heather! Veel danke vir die artikel. Ek he b t altyd gewonder daaroor om watter word te gebruik, het of de, en nou weet ek. So, baie dankie vir die inligting. Hi Heather, Great article!
Did you know that your library card gives you access to educational resources for over languages? Transparent L… twitter. Want to learn a new language? This resource gives patron… twitter. Why Focus on Vocabulary? Dutch Language Blog. Never miss a post! Sign up to receive new posts by email. Thank you! Please check your inbox for your confirmation email. You must click the link in the email to verify your request. De or Het?Need more Dutch? Dutch Language Tutorial includes a vocabulary and grammar review of the Dutch language more than what is available onlinewith one hour of mp3 recordings by a native speaker, and Dutch realia photos taken in the Netherlands and Belgium so you can see how the language is used in real life.
Thank you for supporting ielanguages. Download the first ten pages of Dutch Language Tutorial including the table of contents. Buy Dutch Language Tutorial. In the pronunciations, kh denotes a uvular guttural sound. Meneer, mevrouw and mejuffrouw are all written with a small letter when they precede a name. When typing, de Heer is used instead of meneer and Dhr.
Mevrouw and mejuffrouw are abbreviated as Mevr. In addition, Mw. Please consider sending a donation of any amount to help support ielanguages. Thank you! Return to top of page. Learn from captions and translations and enjoy access to ALL languages! Learn to read languages with interlinear bilingual books that include the original language and an English translation below in a smaller font.
Hundreds of free and paid online language learning video courses at Udemy. By native speakers and experts, from Arabic to Zulu. Toggle navigation.Historical linguistic minorities on the verge of extinction remain in parts of France  and Germany, and in Indonesia, [n 1] while up to half a million native speakers may reside in the United States, Canada and Australia combined. Dutch is one of the closest relatives of both German and English [n 5] and is colloquially said to be "roughly in between" them.
In both Belgium and the Netherlands, the native official name for Dutch is Nederlands. In Western Europe this term was used for the language of the local Germanic populace as opposed to Latinthe non-native language of writing and the Catholic Church. With the rise of local powers in the Low Countries during the Middle Ages, language names derived from these local polities came in use as well i.
VlaemschHollandschand Brabantsch. The more powerful the local polity, the wider the use of its name for the language became. Owing to commercial and colonial rivalry in the 16th and 17th centuries between England and the Low Countriesa cognate of theodisk most likely Middle Dutch Duutsc was borrowed into English and developed into the exonym Dutchwhich came to refer exclusively to the people of the Netherlands.
A usage of the English term Dutch that includes German survives in the United States in the name Pennsylvania Dutch for a local German dialect and its speakers, commonly believed to be a corruption of their endonym Deitsch. In the Low Countries on the contrary, Dietsch or Duytsch as endonym for Dutch went out of common use and was gradually replaced by the Dutch endonym Nederlands.
This designation started at the Burgundian court in the 15th century, although the use of nederlaagbasand inferior "nether" or "low" to refer to the area known as the Low Counties goes back further in time.
Fromthe designation Nederlands received strong competition from the name Nederduits "Low Dutch;" Dutch is used here in its archaic sense that covers all continental West Germanic languages.
It is a calque of the aforementioned Roman province Germania Inferior and an attempt by early Dutch grammarians to give their language more prestige by linking it to Roman times.
Likewise, Hoogduits "High German" came into use as a Dutch exonym for the German language, spoken in neighboring German states. Subsequently, German dialects spoken in the north were designated as Niederdeutsch "Low German". The names for these dialects were calqued in the Dutch language area as the exonyms Nederduits and Hoogduits. As a result, Nederduits no longer served as a synonym for the Dutch language, and Nederlands prevailed as sole Dutch endonym.
It also meant that Hoog "High" had to be dropped in one of the two meanings of Hoogduitsleading to the narrowing down of Duits as Dutch exonym for the German language, and Hoogduits as reference for southern German dialects.
The early form of Dutch was a set of Franconian dialects spoken by the Salian Franks in the fifth century, and thus, it has developed through Middle Dutch to Modern Dutch over the course of 15 centuries. On the other hand, Dutch has been replaced in adjacent lands in present-day France and Germany. The division into Old, Middle and Modern Dutch is mostly conventional, since the transition between them was very gradual.
One of the few moments when linguists can detect something of a revolution is when the Dutch standard language emerged and quickly established itself.
Dutch For Dummies Cheat Sheet
The development of the Dutch language is illustrated by the following sentence in Old, Middle and Modern Dutch:. Among the Indo-European languagesDutch is grouped within the Germanic languagesmeaning it shares a common ancestor with languages such as English, German, and the Scandinavian languages. All Germanic languages are subject to the Grimm's law and Verner's law sound shifts, which originated in the Proto-Germanic language and define the basic features differentiating them from other Indo-European languages.
The Germanic languages are traditionally divided into three groups: East now extinctWestand North Germanic. It is characterized by a number of phonological and morphological innovations not found in North or East Germanic.Spoken by 23 million people, Dutch is a language at the heart of Europe, found mainly in Belgium and the Netherlands. Written Dutch can be fairly straightforward to pick up, however Dutch pronunciation can be more challenging.
Take a look at the phonetic tips next to each for how to say each one. Take a look at the following expressions and how to pronounce them. Good afternoon! Good evening! See you later!Learn Dutch - Dutch in Three Minutes - Self Introductions
Tot ziens! I am sorry! Here are some useful Dutch questions to ask when out and about day to day, complete with their pronunciations. Do you speak English?
Spreekt u Engels? Would you help me please? Kunt u mij helpen? Where are the toilets? Waar is het toilet? How much is that? Hoeveel kost dat? Where can I find. Waar kan ik de.The native language of The Netherlands is Dutch.
The foundation of the Dutch language in these countries arose with the international shipping trade during the 17 th and 18 th century. The Dutch language is very difficult to get right. Many Dutch people speak English and most of them very well. Therefore it is no problem at all for English-speaking travelers to communicate with locals in Amsterdam.
Dutch people love to practice their English on English speakers. How far is it to …? Geldwisselkantoor Geldautomaat Kassa Postzegels Hoe kom ik naar…? Hoe ver is het naar …? Frankly,It sounds like…. As if you have a bad cold,runny nose and a throat full of puke…. Recently a business associate from the late s asked me if I would be willing to go on some sales calls in the Rotterdam area the company sells logistics and software for large ports.
I know a local person here in Ohio who immigrated to the US in the s.
He says that the most common greetings today in the Netherland come from Arabic language roots -As Salaam Melechem not sure about the spelling. Is there anything else I should be aware of? Any help in this regard would be much appreciated.
That is an ignorant idiotic Dutch person telling you that you say Salaam. They are being bigoted and referring to the minority population of Morrocans and Turkish people in Rotterdam. They are still a minority there. Most of them are proudly Dutch but yes a few hold on to traditional values. The Netherlands is a very tolerant and open-minded country and a very international country, more so now than ever before in its history.
Not sure about the ex-Dutchman you know in Ohio but he sounds a lot like your President Trump, trash that we are happily to have leave our country. Sign me up for the newsletter! This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed. Email Address:. First Name:. Last Name:. Favorite a Listing? Please Register or Login in "My Dashboard". Business Owner? Add an Event? Add an event for free! Please first register or Login in "My Dashboard". Dutch Language. Facebook 0.
Twitter 0. LinkedIn 0.This is an incomplete list of Dutch expressions used in English ; some are relatively common e. In a survey by Joseph M. In many cases the loanword has assumed a meaning substantially different from its Dutch forebear. Some English words have been borrowed directly from Dutch.
But typically, English spellings of Dutch loanwords suppress combinations of vowels of the original word which do not exist in English and replace them with existing vowel combinations respectively.
For example, the oe in koekje or koekie becomes oo in cookie the ij considered a vowel in Dutch and the ui in vrijbuiter becomes ee and oo in freebooterthe aa in baas becomes o in bossthe oo in stoof becomes o in stove. As languages, English and Dutch are both West Germanicand descend further back from the common ancestor language Proto-Germanic.
Their relationship however, has been obscured by the lexical influence of Old Norse as a consequence of Viking expansion from the 9th till the 11th century, and Norman Frenchas a consequence of the Norman conquest of England in These cognates or in other ways related words are excluded from this list.
Dutch expressions have been incorporated into English usage for many reasons and in different periods in time. These are some of the most common ones:. For some loanwords stemming from this period it is not always clear whether they are of Old Dutch, Old Norse, another Germanic language or an unknown Old English origin.
These words have been excluded from the list, or indicated as such. Some loanwords from this period could come from either language. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikipedia list article. This article contains one or more incomplete lists that may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness.
Williams: Books". Retrieved 12 August Archived from the original on 24 September Categories : Dutch language lists Lists of English words of foreign origin. Hidden categories: Articles with short description Dynamic lists All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from April Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Languages Nederlands Edit links.
The Dutch Phrases for Meeting and Greeting will lead you to the Dutch Dialog at the end, which shows how these survival phrases are used in conversational Dutch. Single click on the phrase to hear the Dutch pronunciation spoken by a native Dutch speaker. Take advantage of this Dutch language resource as you learn to speak Dutch!
Goede morgen. Good morning. Goede avond. Good afternoon. Goede nacht. Good night. Spreekt u Engels? Do you speak English? Spreekt er iemand Engels hier? Does anyone here speak English? Ik spreek maar een klein beetje Nederlands. I only speak a little Dutch.
Ik spreek niet erg goed Nederlands. I'm not very good at Dutch. Hoe gaat het? How are you? Goed, dank u. I'm fine, thank you. Heel leuk u te ontmoeten.
I'm very glad to meet you. Ik heb al zoveel over u gehoord. I've heard so much about you. Het was leuk u te zien. It was nice seeing you. Het was leuk u te ontmoeten. It was nice meeting you. Ik versta het niet. I don't understand. Ik begrijp het heel goed.
I understand perfectly. Begrijpt u? Do you understand? Verstaat u mij? Do you understand me?